Reference a Website in Harvard Style

If your research is mainly quantitative, you won’t include many quotes, but if it’s more qualitative, you may need to quote from the data you collected. In scientific subjects, the information itself is more important than how it was expressed, so quoting should generally be kept to a minimum. In the arts and humanities, however, well-chosen quotes are often essential to a good paper. Carraway begins by quoting his father’s invocation to ‘remember that all the people in this world haven’t had the advantages that you’ve had’ . To distinguish this quote from the surrounding quote, you enclose it in double quotation marks . Make sure to close both sets of quotation marks at the appropriate moments.

For your assignment you will have done plenty of background reading to help you formulate your own ideas. When writing, you example of a bridge in an essay will discuss what you have learned from your background reading to show how this has influenced your views and arguments.

Can you have too many references?

Therefore, it is crucial to know how to cite a website when you are using it as source for your thesis. Below you will find examples on how to cite a website using two of the most common citation systems – APA citation and Harvard referencing. However, you may not always find information about the author of the website contents you are citing. In such cases, you should put in the name of the website or domain operator.

  1. Be careful that removing the words doesn’t change the meaning.
  2. Therefore the author Cheng Tun-jen’s surname is Cheng, and his first name is Tun-jen.
  3. Check your course handbook to see what style your department prefers.
  4. Whatever content you choose to include, it’s usually best to leave your footnotes until the essay is finished and your bibliography is complete.
  5. Try using the Turnitin Draft Check site, which will appear in your list of Canvas modules.
  6. If you quote word for word from a text, then you must show this by using quotation marks, and providing a full reference.
  7. Hoult argues that setting targets for achievement can be an effective way of managing study time, and may encourage task completion.
  8. If you share a laptop or computer, it is your responsibility to make sure your work is protected – use a passcode so that others cannot access it.

Get the latest updates with hints, tips and guidance for your journey to university – from application to enrolment. The distinction drawn between the languages and their treatment of time is interesting and relevant to the argument because…

Quoting and paraphrasing

If you continue to plagiarise then you may be excluded from your course. Find out how to reference your sources how long should an essay be? at the Library website. In European languages, time is treated as an objective entity (Gross, 1996, p. 317).

how do you quote a website in an essay

The student has copied some of the language of the source and paraphrased the rest. He or she has attempted to pass off Troutman’s ideas and words as their own.


Furthermore, it is „not only the vocabulary of a language that determines how and what we think and perceive but also the grammar” (Gross, 1996, p. 317). According to Gross it is „not only the vocabulary of a language that determines how and what we think and perceive, but also the grammar.” (1996, p. 317). Martell explores the possibility that in a capitalist society consumers can use 'the power they have over producers’ (Martell 1994, p.64) to persuade them to produce environmentally friendly goods. However, it can be argued that, in a capitalist society it’s not always the consumers who hold the power to determine what is produced. Personation includes using software to generate text or help you with your assessments. Exam misconduct includes any form of cheating in exams, whether you are taking your exams in an examination hall or remotely. Make sure you know what materials you are allowed to take into exams or use when completing your submission remotely.

  1. The bibliography page is the last section of your essay or dissertation and includes the full citation information for any source cited or referenced through the course of your work.
  2. As a general rule, the person helping you should not change the meaning of what you have written.
  3. Due to the ephemeral nature of material published on the Internet, it is essential that the date on which the online resource was accessed is included in the reference.
  4. Your assignments should result from your own hard work and they need to show academic integrity.
  5. If, however, you do find a reliable academic source, reference it just as you would a book – in your text simply write the author’s surname and the date it was published.
  6. These guidelines are based upon those provided by Bournemouth University, which are available on the web.
  7. Footnote or endnote numbers that appear within quoted text should be omitted.

The ideas of the author have not been distinguished from those of Rackham and there has been no attempt to acknowledge the source of the information or ideas. When researching online, it’s essential that you note the websites you are using as you go—not after when you might forget. It can be very easy to disappear down the Internet rabbit hole and lose track of what information came from where! You could also bookmark important web pages to give yourself an easy online record of your digital sources.

How to Reference in an Essay

Schools and departments at Sussexuse different referencing systems. If you are unsure which referencing style essay on gun control you are required to use it is best to speak with your School office or consult your module handbook.

Make sure you understand what a quote is saying in its context and explain its meaning in your work. Using quotes out of context or misinterpreting them to support your point won’t improve your marks. This gives capitalists an incentive to concentrate on the production of environmentally friendly what is considered a short essay products in order to make a profit. You should never work directly with other students on your module or anyone else when creating your work. Even if your tutor has encouraged you to talk about your work together with other students, do not assume it is okay to write your work together.

Direct quotations can support your arguments and back up your work, but you need to show who said them

Your reference shows that this information has been published somewhere, and you did not just make it up. If it is an opinion, your reference shows that other people writing in this area also share your opinion, which makes the opinionmore interestingfor your academic reader. It is important to provide correct references forany informationwhich you give in your essay. Information could include ideas, facts, phrases, or anything else. The author has copied Oliver Rackham’s words and only made minor adjustments in their order.

  1. Also, do not take your mobile phone or any other such device into an exam room.
  2. You should never work directly with other students on your module or anyone else when creating your work.
  3. Direct quotations can also break up the flow of your writing, so use them sparingly.
  4. Students conducting research with human participants, including research which contributes to assessment, must apply for ethical approval before carrying out the research.
  5. You can often say that something is similar to an author’s point, or connected to an author’s point.
  6. The simplest way to think of referencing is to imagine that your reader might want to find out more about a piece of information, or check the facts for themselves.
  7. Then, if it changes, there’s at least a chance someone can look up an archived version of the source from the time dated.

Using the Harvard system, which is the predominant form of referencing at universities in the UK, sources are cited in short, parenthetical notes within the text. Citations within the text should include the name of the author, the date of the source, and, if necessary, the page numbers you used.

Referencing and academic integrity

Solicitors Regulation Society, there is no difference between the footnote and the bibliography. The English department requires that you reference your essays in accordance with either the Chicago Manual of Style or the MLA Style guide. If you are paraphrasing from a source in another language, you must still acknowledge the source clearly. For information on how to reference correctly please see our page on referencing. Usually only relevant for books, but for these you should include the publisher name and place of publication. There are many different styles of referencing such as Harvard, Chicago, APA etc. so you want to make sure you’re using the right style as some courses or universities may differ. But it is not only the vocabulary of a language that determines how and what we think and perceive, but also the grammar.

how do you quote a website in an essay

If there are more than three authors then you can cite the first author and use the abbreviation 'et al’, meaning 'and all’. Record as much information as how do you introduce a quote possible in references to make finding the original work simple. You are likely to be awarded 0% for an assignment which has evidence of plagiarism.

International students

Note that some styles in this list start with 'Noam Chomsky’ but as he did not WRITE the page, which is a basic biography , this would not be an appropriate choice for Applied Linguistics references. For example, the second sentence paraphrases the information in the source text. For some sources, especially websites, the name of the author may not be known. In such cases either use the organisation name or the title of the document or webpage. Your university may be able to provide you with some specialist software (Endnote – ) or you can simply keep a list in a document or try Zotero () a free plugin for the Firefox browser.

If you’re quoting, place the citation outside of the quotation marks but before any other punctuation like a comma or full stop. It’s important to assess the reliability of information found online. Look for sources from established publications and institutions with expertise (e.g. peer-reviewed journals and government agencies).

If you name the author in your sentence, you may use present-tense verbs, such as “states’, ‘argues’, ‘explains’, ‘writes’, or ‘reports’, to describe the content of the quote. Punctuation marks such as full stops and commas are placed after the citation, not within the quotation marks. Online sources and websites are increasingly used as your studies become more focused, e.g. in a cultural discourse.

how do you quote a website in an essay